contains the dates of some the major events relating to the Holocaust
and the life of Anne Frank. Instead of focusing on actual Holocaust atrocities
we have made a selection of the main events that we feel provide more
insight into the processes that set the stage for the genocide of the
Jews and Rrom (Gypsies), and the murder of millions of other innocent
victim because of their religious beliefs, ethnicity, physical and mental
health, lifestyle or political beliefs. We have also selected events for
this timeline that we feel can lead to interesting classroom discussions
about the causes of the Holocaust and the role that the world played in
allowing it to happen.
A second timeline focuses on the life of one young girl, Anne Frank, to show how her life was effected by the persecution of the Jews. This timeline is integrated into the general Holocaust timeline. Events related to the life of Anne Frank are printed in Italics.
Further useful timelines of the Holocaust can be found at:
College of Education - University of South Florida
Simon Wiesenthal Center in Los Angeles
IMPORTANT DATES IN THE LIFE OF ANNE FRANK
Before going into hiding:
1926 Margot frank, Anne's sister, is born in Frankfurt am Main in Germany.
1929 June 12: Anne is born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
1933 The Frank family moves to Holland, and lives in a house in the Merwedeplein in South Amsterdam.
1934 Anne Frank enters kindergarten in Amsterdam.
1940 Mr. Frank starts a spice business at 263 Prinsengracht.
1941 Anne and Margot enter a Jewish grammer school.
1942 June 12: Anne receives her first diary.
After going into hiding:
1942 July 9: The Frank family goes into hiding at Prinsengracht 263, in the secret Annexe.
1942 July 13: the van Daan familygoes into hiding in the Secret Annexe.
1944 August 1: Anne makes the last entry in her Diary.
1944 August 4: the inhabitants of the Secret Annexe are arrested by the Green Police. Miep Gies saves Anne Frank's Diary.
After the arrest:
1944 August 8: All of the people from the Secret Annexe arrive at Westerbork transit camp.
1944 September 3: They are all transported to Auschwitz, a concentration camp.
1944 Around September 6: Mr. Van Daan dies in Auschwitz.
1944 Around November 26: Mrs. Van Daan is taken from Auschwitz to Bergen-Belsen concentration Camp.
1944 Around November: Anne and Margot are taken from Auschwitz to Bergen-Belsen.
1944 Around November: Mr Dussel dies in Neuengamme concentration camp.
1945 Around January 6: Mrs. Frank dies in Auschwitz.
1945 Around January 25: Peter van Daan is brought from Auschwitz to Mauthausen concentration camp.
1945 Around January 27: Mr Frank is liberated from Auschwitz by the Russian army. He is brought to a hospital.
1945 Around February 6: Mrs. Van Daan is taken from Bergen Belsen to Buchenwald concentration camp.
1945 March: Margot as well as Anne Frank both contract typhoid fever, and die a few days after each other in Bergen Belsen.
1945 Around April 9: Mrs. van Daan is taken from Buchenwald to Theresienstadt concentration camp. She dies within a month.
1945 Around May 5: Peter van Daan dies in Mauthausen.
1945 May 7: the German army capitulates.
1945 June 6: Mr. Frank comes back to Amsterdam, and lives with Miep and Jan Gies, who helped them in hiding in the Secret Annexe.
1947 The Diary of Anne Frank is published for the first time.
1953 November: Mr. Frank remarries to Elfriede (Fritzi) Markovits. They move to Basel (Swiitserland).
1957 The Anne Frank Stichting is created by Mr. Frank to preserve the legacy of Anne Frank.
1960 May 3: The Annexe is officially opened as a museum.
1980 August 20: Mr. Frank dies in Basel, aged 91
IMPORTANT DATES RELATING TO THE HOLOCAUST
1919 May 7: Signing of the Versailles Peace Treaty ends World War I
1932 Hitler receives 37% of the vote during national elections; the NSDAP becomes the largest party in Germany.
1933 January 27: Hitler becomes leader of Germany
1933 March: 10,000 active labor union members are arrested in Germany
1933 March 23: Hitler acquires absolute power in Germany
1933 Catholic Bishops declare loyalty to Hitler
1933 April 1: Joseph Goebbels declares the official boycott of Jewish shopkeepers, doctors and lawyers
1935 Nuremberg laws are passed
1937 Gestapo sterilizes 385 black children
1938 November 9-11: Crystal Night (Kristallnacht) takes place
1938 November 12: first mass arrests of Jews
1939 January 30: Hitler announces "the destruction of the Jewish race"
1939 September 1: German troops attack Poland
1941 February: Wannsee Conferenz